Founded in 1827, the National Observatory, located at the city of Rio de Janeiro, is the oldest Brazilian research institution. It is currently subordinated to the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications. Throughout its almost 200 years of operation, the National Observatory has been playing a relevant role in the Brazilian scientific development in the areas of Astronomy, Geophysics, and Time & Frequency Metrology.
Currently, the National Observatory keeps two Graduate Programs, credited by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) of the Ministry of Education:
The Graduate Program in Astronomy of the National Observatory aims to complete and improve the training in Astronomy of undergraduate studentes from Physics, Astronomy, Mathematics and related sciences, in order to form highly skilled researchers in this field. The Program has two main areas of concentration: Astronomy and Astrophysics.
From 1973 to 2016, this program has granted 127 M.Sc. and 90 Ph.D. degrees in astronomy.
The main goal of the Graduate Program in Geophysics of the National Observatory is the training of highly qualified personnel in geophysics, to prepare them for academic careers in research and teaching, as well as in the service sectors of mining, oil, and gas industry. It has two main areas of concentration: Applied Geophysics and Solid Earth Geophysics.
From 1999 to 2016, this program has granted 101 M.Sc. and 49 Ph.D. degrees in geophysics.
Furthermore, the National Observatory provides an Institutional Program of Undergraduate Scientific Research Scholarship (PIBIC-ON), aiming to foster the development of the scientific thought in undergraduate students from local universities (UERJ, UFF, UFRJ) who attend courses in the areas of our scientific interest, as well as to prepare these students for future graduate studies.